Australia, its history and location.

Australia, formally referred to as the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign nation which is one of the territory of Oceania. It’s the major continental mass that occupies the Sahul platform and is also surrounded by the Indian, Antarctic and Pacific Glaciers oceans; it is divided from Asia by the seas of Arafura and Timor. It is bordered by the nations East Timor Papuan New Guinea And Indonesia the northern part, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the French dependency of New Caledonia to the northeast part, and New Zealand To The Southeast Region.

So how exactly does historic past of Australia start?

Historical past of Australia ( * goes back to the time men came on its territory for the first time. Australian aborigines arrived by boat from the southeast of the Eurasian continent roughly 60,000 years ago, nevertheless, the particular date is in discussion since Australian prehistory is thought to be some years more intensive because there are no writings of human being activities before contact with Europeans. And, also, around 1,000,000 aborigines already occupied the place after they colonized it.
It is stated that Australia had been discovered in the 16th century by Spanish and Portuguese sailors, but they kept the info secret for strategic reasons. After that, Dutch explorers done the very first sighting a century after. However, they deemed it an uninhabitable stretch of land that wasn’t ideal for colonization and also left free passage to later British explorations.

Captain James Cook.

Despite the fact that there had been some other European expeditions in past times, what is considered as the most satisfactory exploration of Australia was done in the Eighteenth century by the English captain James Cook, who arrived in 1770, claimed the territory for the English crown and got ownership of the Southeast of the island in the identity of the king of England.
Cook’s discoveries as well as the acknowledgement of his studies through English authorities, granted the first European settlement on the place, so it is typical to hear that Cook is the great discoverer the the southern area of land, even though the true breakthrough discovery occurred more than A HUNDRED AND SIXTY years prior to his journey.

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British colonization.

England was especially interested in Australia for the reason that found it as a possible solution to the problem of overpopulation that they dealt with at that time because of the loss in the THIRTEEN American colonies and it was thought to transfer a part of its residents there. For that reason, on March 13, 1787, 11 1st Fleet ships left Portsmouth, England, towards Botany Bay, Australia . By doing so, colonists arrived and also inhabited the location while displacing aborigines due to the confiscation of the lands and diseases.

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It became a Federation.

When the 20th century arrived, Australia did not exist as a country: it contained a conglomerate of colonies or autonomous states. But in 1901, the 6 different state governments decided in a referendum to become a federation and they hand picked the typical flag that nowadays remains the flag of Australia.
After the creation of Australia as a country, it had been intended to inflict a law on immigration management. Nevertheless, when World War II concluded, several migrants coming from different locations arrived in the nation and, presently, it is the home of people from various areas of the earth.

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